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Leopold K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3174) interviewed by Michel Sobelman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3174

Videotape testimony of Leopold K., who was born in Peremyshli︠a︡ny, Poland in 1918. He recalls his family's history as famous klezmer musicians; attending a multi-ethnic school; studies in L'viv; friendships with non-Jews; Soviet occupation; German invasion; escape east; returning home after Germans overtook them; formation of the ghetto and Judenrat; working in a hospital; a mass killing which included his father; building a bunker under their house; hiding in an outhouse, which still haunts him, and in the bunker; receiving food from non-Jewish friends; reluctance to escape from the ghetto; escaping execution after playing music for the German police; deportation to Jaktorów concentration camp; working in Krosenko quarry; playing in a camp band; teaching an SS-guard to play a waltz under threat of severe punishment; a German for whom he played bringing Mr. K.'s mother to Jaktorów; transfer to Kurowice; being abused while playing to a group of drunken Germans; making contact with A.K. partisans; "stealing" weapons for them; his mother being shot during his escape to the partisans with his brother; fighting Germans and Ukrainian partisans; writing songs and playing for his platoon; returning to Peremyshli︠a︡ny; moving to L'viv; joining the Polish Peoples Army; playing for the soldiers; meeting American troops at the Laba River; living in Kraków; organizing a singing and dancing group; studying conducting at the Academy of Music; becoming the music director of the Jewish Theater in Warsaw; and writing songs and music for film and theater.

Author/Creator
K., Leopold, 1918-
Published
Kraków, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
May 12, 1995.
Language
Polish
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leopold K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3174). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4290913
Record last modified: 2014-02-20 10:07:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4290913