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Tushia Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3175) interviewed by Barbara Engelking-Boni

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3175

Videotape testimony of Tushia Z., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1925. She describes her assimilated childhood; vacationing in Zakopane in summer 1939; German invasion; street killings of Jews; her mother's murder in November 1939; her father sending her to another city; a mass killing; returning to Kraków; living with her father and brother in the ghetto; transfer to Płaszów when the ghetto was liquidated; working in Oskar Schindler's factory; benign conditions compared to Płaszów; deportation to Birkenau; transfer to Auschwitz; a death march to Buchenwald; forced labor at Hasag-Leipzig; transfer to Ravensbrück; abandonment by the guards in a forest; liberation by United States troops; abusive behavior by Soviet troops; returning to Kraków; a futile search for relatives; and assistance from nuns and her father's friends. Mrs. Z. recalls attending school; marriage to a Jew; recurring nightmares; her husband's reluctance for her to share her experiences with him or their son; her son's exposure to antisemitic epithets; having no regrets concerning their decision to remain in Poland; and attempting to organize a memorial at Płaszów. She notes that no one can understand or imagine her life who has not had similar experiences and her pain at not knowing her father's or brother's fate.

Author/Creator
Z., Tushia, 1925-
Published
Kraków, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
May 12, 1995.
Language
Polish
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Tushia Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3175). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.