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Maria J. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3179) interviewed by Michel Sobelman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3179

Videotape testimony of Maria J., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1918. She describes her father's tannery in Dobczyce; cordial relations with non-Jews; living in Podgórze; participating in Akiba, a Zionist organization; marriage in 1937; German invasion in 1939; her husband's imprisonment as a spy (he was in the Polish military); his release after paying ransom; leaving her son with her parents in Dobczyce; working for the underground in Kraków; ghettoization; obtaining a job distributing food rations, then as a waitress for German soldiers; secretly leaving the ghetto to visit her son; providing a Jewish boy with food; helping distribute medicines received from the Joint; contacts with Tadeusz Pankiewicz, a Pole who maintained a ghetto pharmacy (she is critical of him); a round-up when a friend was killed and she was whipped; escaping from the ghetto to her family in Dobczyce; returning to Kraków; moving with her son to Płaszów; their escape; hiding with her husband and others in a bunker; and smuggling food disguised as a Pole. Mrs. J. discusses postwar antisemitism resulting in her husband's imprisonment; confiscation of their successful winery; meeting Oskar Schindler; her husband's friendship with Pope John Paul II; the murder of her entire family in the Holocaust; and the music of Mordecai Gebirtig.

Author/Creator
J., Maria, 1918-
Published
Kraków, Poland: Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
May 13, 1995.
Language
Polish
Copies
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Maria J. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3179). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.