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Josef R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3180) interviewed by Barbara Engelking-Boni

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3180

Videotape testimony of Josef R., who was born in Krzeszowice, Poland in 1921 and grew up in Kraków. He recalls a comfortable childhood, attending secular and religious schools; cordial relations with non-Jews; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; ending his education due to Jewish quotas; German invasion; fleeing to Tarnobrzeg with his parents; their return to Kraków; forced resettlement in Borek Szlachecki, Borek Fałęcki, and Samborek; hospitalization with assistance from a non-Jewish physician; joining his parents in Prokocim; forced labor for a German railroad company; ghettoization in Kraków; round-ups, selections, and deportations; smuggling food; working at a military factory; transfer to Płaszów in March 1943; surviving execution by Amon Goeth (he was left for dead); prisoners hiding him during a six week recovery; public hangings and executions by Goeth; evacuation to Częstochowa; assignment to the kitchen; smuggling food; liberation by Soviet troops; return to Kraków; resuming his studies; working in a clothing cooperative; marriage; and testifying at Goeth's trial. Mr. R. discusses present fears arising from his experiences. He notes his survival was due to luck and that only one of his relatives survived.

Author/Creator
R., Josef, 1921-
Published
Kraków, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1995
Interview Date
May 13, 1995.
Language
Polish
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Josef R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3180). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.