Jadwiga G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3183) interviewed by Anka Grupińska and Barbara Engelking-Boni
- Warsaw, Poland : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994, and 1995
- Interview Date
- July 10, 1994 and May 6, 1995.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Jadwiga G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3183). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Jadwiga G., who was born in Lublin, Poland in 1923, one of three children. Ms. G. recalls her family's affluence; attending Polish school; cordial relations with non-Jews; German invasion; ghettoization; moving to Melgiew in summer 1941; her future husband joining them; visiting friends and relatives in the Lublin ghetto; obtaining authentic documents as non-Jews; round-ups of Jews from nearby villages in October 1942; returning to Lublin; her father leaving en route when he was robbed and lost hope (she never saw him again); his non-Jewish, former employer arranging to include her mother and sister as Polish forced laborers in Germany; hiding with her husband; going out since she did not look Jewish; moving to Warsaw with funds from her husband's very wealthy family; moving often to avoid detection; assistance from many non-Jews and underground members; moving with her husband and his younger sister to a rescuer's summer home in Zielonka in November; returning to Warsaw in March 1943, fearing detection; meeting escapees from the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; printing underground papers; visiting friends in Hotel Polski (they were killed); her husband joining partisans in the forest (he was killed); receiving funds from Żegota; a Gestapo interrogation during which a German “race expert” declared her a non-Jew; moving to Łuków with her brother; liberation by Soviet troops in July 1944; moving to Józefów; marriage to a non-Jewish Pole; and reunion with her mother and sister when they returned in 1945.
Ms. G. details many episodes during the war; the fates of relatives and many non-Jews who helped her; nightmares resulting from her experiences; continuing contacts with rescuers, friends, and relatives in Poland and abroad, including her first husband's family; antisemitism in 1968; believing her survival was due to good luck; and losing her belief in God after the Holocaust.