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Oscar A. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3205) interviewed by Michèle Ganem and Henri Borlant

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3205

Videotape testimony of Oscar A., who was born in Bulgaria in 1911. He recalls his family's French identity; attending school in Sofia; studying in Paris; marriage to a Jewish convert in 1938; mobilization in 1939; his parents' and sister's emigration to Paris; capture in a battle in 1940; escaping to Paris with help from a German rail official; moving to Nice; his daughter's birth; arrest with five family members in 1943; his wife's release as a non-Jew (their daughter was not arrested); deportation to Auschwitz via Drancy; selection for forced labor in Buna/Monowitz (I.G. Farben) with his brother and nephew (he never saw his father and sister again); cold and starvation; helping his brother; his nephew's death; working for non-Jewish prisoners for food; receiving food from an English POW; the January 1945 death march with his brother to Gleiwitz and Dora; transfer to Osterode and Guenzerode; hiding during evacuation; discovery by an officer; being returned to Dora; liberation by United States troops; their repatriation to Paris; and reunion with his wife, daughter, and mother. Mr. A. discusses the distinctions that the post-war French government made between Jewish and Resistance deportees; cessation of nightmares after writing his memoirs (which his children read) and through psychoanalysis; his loss of faith; and the importance of not judging others.

Author/Creator
A., Oscar, 1911-
Published
Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1995
Interview Date
March 30, 1995.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Oscar A. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3205). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291004
Record last modified: 2015-06-03 10:05:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4291004