Olga S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3262) interviewed by B. M. Zabarko
- Kiev, Ukraine : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- August 1, 1994.
- 3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Olga S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3262). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Olga S., who was born in Bobrynetsʹ, Ukraine in 1910. She recounts her father's death when she was an infant; her mother's remarriage; speaking Yiddish with her grandparents; placement in a Jewish orphanage by her family at age ten; American aid during the famine in 1921-1922; studying in Kiev beginning in 1928; marriage to a non-Jew in 1929; her mother's and brother's deaths; the births of her son and daughter; her husband's training as a pilot, leaving her alone in Kiev; German invasion; missing evacuation east; a German order for all Jews to gather on September 29, 1941; observing Jews digging mass graves and some being buried alive (she believed she was the only surviving Jew); a non-Jewish friend supplying her with a false birth certificate and baptismal papers; supporting herself and her children selling food; joining the underground; transporting weapons, obtaining information about German troop movements, distributing leaflets, and hiding partisans; arrest; and liberation by Soviet troops. Mrs. S. describes hearing from her husband; their reunion; her son's birth in 1945; and receiving medals and a pension for her work as a partisan. She shows documents, medals, photographs, and a plaque commemorating her apartment as an underground meeting place.