Grunia M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3281) interviewed by B. M. Zabarko and Bela Turman
- Zvenigorodka, Ukraine : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- August 6, 1994.
- 3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Grunia M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3281). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Grunia M., who was born in Lysyanka, Ukraine in 1924. She recalls moving to Zvenigorodka with her family; attending Ukrainian school; German occupation; forced labor; torture and mass shooting of Jewish men; forced labor in a German hospital; transfer to a labor camp with her mother and two sisters; public executions; quarry work; escaping to Popivka with her younger sister with assistance from non-Jews; leaving her sister with a non-Jewish friend in Petrivka; obtaining false papers; fleeing to Tarashcha; imprisonment; release due to a non-Jewish friend vouching for her; liberation by Soviet troops in Lysyanka; reunion with her mother and sisters; marriage in 1950; and her daughters' births. Mrs. M. discusses her father's murder shortly before liberation; experiences with partisans; her children's lack of interest in her experiences; and nightmares of German shootings.