Elizaveta K. and Lev. K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3282) interviewed by Boris Zabarko
- Zvenigorodka, Ukraine : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1994
- Interview Date
- August 7, 1994.
- 3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Elizaveta K. and Lev K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3282). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Elizaveta K., who was born in Zvenigorodka, Ukraine in 1921. She describes celebrating Jewish holidays; studying in Kiev in 1938; teaching; German invasion; returning to Zvenigorodka; fleeing, but returning when overcome by Germans; a mass killing of Ukrainian nationalists; ghettoization; brief arrest with a friend; their release after the Jewish Council's intervention; her father's murder; incarceration with her mother and sisters in a camp in May 1942; transfer to Lysyanka; building roads in Smilʹchentsy; assistance from a non-Jewish foreman; mass killings in fall 1942; transfer to Budishche, then Nemorozh; escaping to Shesterintsy in August 1943; reunion with her mother, who had escaped; assistance from an engineer in Pochapintsy; hiding with a non-Jew in another village; working for a policeman's wife in Tsyganskiy Khutor (presently Novo-Nikolayevka); obtaining a false birth certificate from partisans; liberation by Soviet troops in February 1944; brief arrest as a German spy; identification as a Jew by a partisan; reunion with her younger sister and mother in Shchirbashintsy; their move to Lysyanka; learning her other sister had survived; working in an orphanage in Zvenigorodka; antisemitic incidents; completing her studies; and marriage in 1947. Mrs. K. discusses her nightmares and reluctance to share her experiences. Her husband, Lev K. discusses the scope of Nazi killings in Zvenigorodka, including most of his family.