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Julius G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3390) interviewed by Eva Geffers, Sonja Miltenberger, Veronika Lipphardt, Anna Lipphardt,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3390

Videotape testimony of Julius G., who was born in Scharnhorst, Germany in 1914, one of five children. He recounts his father's death from World War I wounds; attending public school; his family's move to Hamm in 1924; participating in a leftist Jewish club, then a socialist group (SAJ); harassment by an antisemitic teacher; joining a communist youth group (KJV); expulsion from school for communist activities; attending gymnasium in Münster from 1931-1933; his bar mitzvah; visiting his nanny's family in Scharnhorst; narrowly escaping arrest; traveling to Cologne; living with relatives in Trier, then Luxembourg; working for his uncle; traveling to Strasbourg then visiting a communist center in Saarbrücken; living at his uncle's resort in Bad Mondorf-les-Bains; attending a trade camp; working on a farm in southern France; moving with his girlfriend to Basel in 1934; emigrating with his mother and girlfriend to Palestine in 1935; participating in a group promoting peace between Jews and Arabs; traveling to Spain in 1936 to fight in the Spanish Civil War; hospitalization when he was wounded in 1938; fleeing to France after their defeat; blowing up enemy planes en route; incarceration in Gurs in September 1939, then transfer to Le Vernet; deportation with Jewish prisoners to Auschwitz in 1942; a fellow communist urging him to volunteer for transfer; transfer to Jawiszowice; slave labor in coal mines; being appointed kapo; encounters with Kommandant Wilhelm Kowol; assigning weaker prisoners to lighter work; sharing extra food; a death march, then train transfer in January 1945 to Wrocław, then Buchenwald; and liberation by United States troops. Mr. G. describes many details of camp life; the camp hierarchy; solidarity among Spanish Civil War veterans; and their reunion in 1986.

G., Julius, 1914-
Potsdam, Germany : Moses Mendelssohn Zentrum für europäisch-jüdische Studien, Universität Potsdam, 1995 and 1996
Interview Date
July 10, 1995, September 25, 1995, and April 22, 1996.
Scharnhorst-Ost (Dortmund, Germany)
Hamm (Koblenz, Germany)
Münster (Germany : Regierungsbezirk)
Trier (Germany)
Strasbourg (France)
Cologne (Germany)
Saarbrücken (Germany)
Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg)
Basel (Switzerland)
Wrocław (Poland)
Vienna (Austria)
2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Julius G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3390). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:28:00
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