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Julius G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3390) interviewed by Eva Geffers, Sonja Miltenberger, Veronika Lipphardt, Anna Lipphardt,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3390

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    Videotape testimony of Julius G., who was born in Scharnhorst, Germany in 1914, one of five children. He recounts his father's death from World War I wounds; attending public school; his family's move to Hamm in 1924; participating in a leftist Jewish club, then a socialist group (SAJ); harassment by an antisemitic teacher; joining a communist youth group (KJV); expulsion from school for communist activities; attending gymnasium in Münster from 1931-1933; his bar mitzvah; visiting his nanny's family in Scharnhorst; narrowly escaping arrest; traveling to Cologne; living with relatives in Trier, then Luxembourg; working for his uncle; traveling to Strasbourg then visiting a communist center in Saarbrücken; living at his uncle's resort in Bad Mondorf-les-Bains; attending a trade camp; working on a farm in southern France; moving with his girlfriend to Basel in 1934; emigrating with his mother and girlfriend to Palestine in 1935; participating in a group promoting peace between Jews and Arabs; traveling to Spain in 1936 to fight in the Spanish Civil War; hospitalization when he was wounded in 1938; fleeing to France after their defeat; blowing up enemy planes en route; incarceration in Gurs in September 1939, then transfer to Le Vernet; deportation with Jewish prisoners to Auschwitz in 1942; a fellow communist urging him to volunteer for transfer; transfer to Jawiszowice; slave labor in coal mines; being appointed kapo; encounters with Kommandant Wilhelm Kowol; assigning weaker prisoners to lighter work; sharing extra food; a death march, then train transfer in January 1945 to Wrocław, then Buchenwald; and liberation by United States troops. Mr. G. describes many details of camp life; the camp hierarchy; solidarity among Spanish Civil War veterans; and their reunion in 1986.
    G., Julius, 1914-
    Potsdam, Germany : Moses Mendelssohn Zentrum für europäisch-jüdische Studien, Universität Potsdam, 1995 and 1996
    Interview Date
    July 10, 1995, September 25, 1995, and April 22, 1996.
    Scharnhorst-Ost (Dortmund, Germany)
    Hamm (Koblenz, Germany)
    Münster (Germany : Regierungsbezirk)
    Trier (Germany)
    Strasbourg (France)
    Cologne (Germany)
    Saarbrücken (Germany)
    Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg)
    Basel (Switzerland)
    Wrocław (Poland)
    Vienna (Austria)
    Cite As
    Julius G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3390). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Lipphardt, Anna, interviewer.
    Lipphardt, Veronika, interviewer.
    Miltenberger, Sonja, interviewer.
    Geffers, Eva, interviewer.
    This testimony is in German.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    3 videorecordings (6 hr., 30 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar experiences.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Bar mitzvah. Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Forced labor. Death marches. Germany. Scharnhorst-Ost (Dortmund, Germany) Hamm (Koblenz, Germany) Münster (Germany : Regierungsbezirk) Trier (Germany) Luxembourg. Strasbourg (France) Cologne (Germany) Saarbrücken (Germany) Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg) Basel (Switzerland) Palestine--Emigration and immigration. Spain--History--Civil War, 1936-1939--Personal narratives. Wrocław (Poland) Vienna (Austria) Oral histories (document genres) G., Julius,--1914- Kowol, Wilhelm. Sozialistische Arbeiterjugend (Germany) Kommunistischer Jugendverband Deutschlands. Gurs (Concentration camp) Le Vernet (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Jawischowitz (Concentration camp) Buchenwald (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:28:00
    This page:

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