Julius G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3390) interviewed by Eva Geffers, Sonja Miltenberger, Veronika Lipphardt, Anna Lipphardt
- Potsdam, Germany : Moses Mendelssohn Zentrum für europäisch-jüdische Studien, Universität Potsdam, 1995 and 1996
- Interview Date
- July 10, 1995, September 25, 1995, and April 22, 1996.
- 2 copies: Betacam SP master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Julius G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3390). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Julius G., who was born in Scharnhorst, Germany in 1914, one of five children. He recounts his father's death from World War I wounds; attending public school; his family's move to Hamm in 1924; participating in a leftist Jewish club, then a socialist group (SAJ); harassment by an antisemitic teacher; joining a communist youth group (KJV); expulsion from school for communist activities; attending gymnasium in Münster from 1931-1933; his bar mitzvah; visiting his nanny's family in Scharnhorst; narrowly escaping arrest; traveling to Cologne; living with relatives in Trier, then Luxembourg; working for his uncle; traveling to Strasbourg then visiting a communist center in Saarbrücken; living at his uncle's resort in Bad Mondorf-les-Bains; attending a trade camp; working on a farm in southern France; moving with his girlfriend to Basel in 1934; emigrating with his mother and girlfriend to Palestine in 1935; participating in a group promoting peace between Jews and Arabs; traveling to Spain in 1936 to fight in the Spanish Civil War; hospitalization when he was wounded in 1938; fleeing to France after their defeat; blowing up enemy planes en route; incarceration in Gurs in September 1939, then transfer to Le Vernet; deportation with Jewish prisoners to Auschwitz in 1942; a fellow communist urging him to volunteer for transfer; transfer to Jawiszowice; slave labor in coal mines; being appointed kapo; encounters with Kommandant Wilhelm Kowol; assigning weaker prisoners to lighter work; sharing extra food; a death march, then train transfer in January 1945 to Wrocław, then Buchenwald; and liberation by United States troops. Mr. G. describes many details of camp life; the camp hierarchy; solidarity among Spanish Civil War veterans; and their reunion in 1986.