Erna P. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3411) interviewed by Edgar Pankow and Sonja Miltenberger
- Potsdam, Germany : Moses Mendelssohn Zentrum für europäisch-jüdische Studien, Universität Potsdam, 1995
- Interview Date
- December 19, 1995.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Erna P. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3411). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Erna P., who was born in Berlin, Germany in 1919, one of four children. She recalls her father's death when she was nine; her neighbors' rapid transition to Nazism in 1933; attending public school; a teacher protecting her from antisemitic harrassment; deportation to Poland of her older sister's husband as a non-German citizen; her sister and sister's child joining him (she never saw them again); her younger sister's departure on a kindertransport to Palestine; working as a seamstress; the destructiveness of Kristallnacht; forced labor for Siemens in Spandau; her mother's deportation in November 1942 (she never saw her again); hiding with a colleague; arranging a hiding-place for her deaf older brother; assistance from a couple who were later arrested and executed; liberation by Soviet troops; avoiding rape by the Soviets; living in Weissensee; and her daughter's birth. Ms. P. discusses the importance of luck and help from non-Jews to her and her brother's survival; not leaving Germany because of her brother; arranging for official recognition of the woman who hid her; not sharing her experiences with her daughter; her daughter's emigration to the United States to join Erna P.'s sister and her family; loneliness; and nightmares resulting from her experiences.