Salamon R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3587) interviewed by Jaša Almuli
- Belgrade, Serbia : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
- Interview Date
- May 22, 1996.
- 3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Salamon R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3587). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Salamon R., who was born in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia in 1919, one of six children. He recalls attending printers' school; active participation in Hashomer Hatzair, Matatja, and the Communist Party; German occupation in 1941; his father's deportation to Stara Gradiška; participating in partisan activities; hiding in Sarajevo; fleeing to join partisans in Romanija; liberating Teslic; capture and torture by Chetniks; transfer in April 1942 to the First Proletarian Brigade; sabotaging railroads and battles; withdrawing to Bosanski Petrovak; meeting the writer Vladimir Dedijet; assignment as a printer in a propaganda unit; assisting Josip Tito; transfer to Jajce; attending the second session of the Yugoslav anti-fascist council (AVNOJ); constructing hidden AVNOJ command posts in the Klekovaca Mountains, then Drvar; returning to Jajce; participating in the liberation of Belgrade; recuperating from a wound in Karlovy Vary after the war; returning briefly to Sarajevo; living in Skopje and Belgrade; his military career; and retiring as a general in 1972. Mr. R. discusses many partisan and military actions; visiting Stara Gradiška after the war; learning his father and uncle were publicly executed there when another uncle and others, including Misa D., escaped; learning his mother, younger siblings, and cousins were deported in April 1942 (none survived); his love of Yugoslavia and loss of his ideals due to recent events; and membership in the Jewish community for the last few years.