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Salamon R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3587) interviewed by Jaša Almuli

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3587

Videotape testimony of Salamon R., who was born in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia in 1919, one of six children. He recalls attending printers' school; active participation in Hashomer Hatzair, Matatja, and the Communist Party; German occupation in 1941; his father's deportation to Stara Gradiška; participating in partisan activities; hiding in Sarajevo; fleeing to join partisans in Romanija; liberating Teslic; capture and torture by Chetniks; transfer in April 1942 to the First Proletarian Brigade; sabotaging railroads and battles; withdrawing to Bosanski Petrovak; meeting the writer Vladimir Dedijet; assignment as a printer in a propaganda unit; assisting Josip Tito; transfer to Jajce; attending the second session of the Yugoslav anti-fascist council (AVNOJ); constructing hidden AVNOJ command posts in the Klekovaca Mountains, then Drvar; returning to Jajce; participating in the liberation of Belgrade; recuperating from a wound in Karlovy Vary after the war; returning briefly to Sarajevo; living in Skopje and Belgrade; his military career; and retiring as a general in 1972. Mr. R. discusses many partisan and military actions; visiting Stara Gradiška after the war; learning his father and uncle were publicly executed there when another uncle and others, including Misa D., escaped; learning his mother, younger siblings, and cousins were deported in April 1942 (none survived); his love of Yugoslavia and loss of his ideals due to recent events; and membership in the Jewish community for the last few years.

Author/Creator
R., Salamon, 1919-
Published
Belgrade, Serbia : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1996
Interview Date
May 22, 1996.
Copies
3 copies: Betacam SP master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Salamon R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3587). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291888
Record last modified: 2015-06-11 14:07:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4291888