Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Ružena G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3654) interviewed by Peter Salner and Eva Riecanská,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3654

Videotape testimony of Ružena G., who was born in Breznica, Czechoslovakia, one of eight children. She recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; one brother's emigration to the United States; deportation to Auschwitz via Prešov and Poprad in March 1942; slave labor; transfer to Birkenau; obtaining a privileged hospital job; assignment to the Canada Kommando; sharing "stolen" food with her friends; helping other relatives; entering the Zigeunerlager (Gypsy Lager) and the family camps; their liquidations; learning from her cousin that her eldest brother was there; two meetings with him; destruction of a crematorium in the uprising; public hangings of the women who supplied the explosives; a death march and train transport to Ravensbrück in January 1945; encountering her future husband; transfer to Neustadt-Glewe; bribing an SS for a kitchen job; smuggling potatoes to others; liberation by Allied troops in May 1945; traveling to Prague from Prenzlau in July; living in Stropkov, then Bratislava, and marriage. Mrs. G. discusses Jozef Tiso's role in the destruction of Slovak Jews and hostility toward those who revere him; losing her family, except for her American brother; the importance of hope to survival; and responses of various national groups to camp conditions. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
G., Ružena, 1921-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
Interview Date
January 26, 1995 and February 1, 1995.
Locale
Czechoslovakia
Breznica (Slovakia)
Prešov (Slovakia)
Poprad (Slovakia)
Prenzlau (Germany)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Bratislava (Slovakia)
Stropkov (Slovakia)
Language
Slovak
Copies
3 copies: Betacam SP dub; 1/2 in. VHS dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Ružena G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3654). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.