Zoltan L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3656) interviewed by Peter Salner and Eva Riecanská
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
- Interview Date
- February 8, 1995.
- 3 copies: Betacam SP master; 1/2 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Zoltan L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3656). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Zoltan L., who was born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Czechoslovakia in 1927. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; his mother's singing talent; attending a Jewish school, then gymnasium; his mother singing at Jewish and non-Jewish weddings; he and his brother learning songs from her; anti-Jewish measures, including expulsion from gymnasium, following Slovak independence; attending a Jewish gymnasium; his father attacking a man who painted antisemitic slogans on his bakery; their arrest by Hlinka guard and transport to Košice; returning home; his bar mitzvah; his father's deportation (he never saw him again); joining the unsuccessful Slovak uprising in August 1944; being hidden with his mother by non-Jews in Kvačany; their arrest in December; imprisonment in Liptovský Mikuláš, then Ružomberok; transport with his aunt and mother to Sered; slave labor; separation from his family when he was selected for transfer to Sachsenhausen by Kommandant Alois Brunner; privileged treatment resulting from singing for camp officials; a death march in April 1945; abandonment by the guards in Schwerin; liberation by United States troops; contact with his brother through the Red Cross; returning home via Lübeck and Plzeň; reunion with his brother; neighbors returning their belongings; conservatory training; and his singing career. Mr. L. notes learning his mother and aunt perished in Ravensbrück, and performing and recording Jewish songs.