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Bernard K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3658) interviewed by Peter Salner and Ingrid Králová

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3658

Videotape testimony of Bernard K., who was born in Iňačovce, Czechoslovakia (presently Slovakia) in 1919, the youngest of three children. He recalls his family's extreme poverty; cordial relations with non-Jews; his father's death in 1929; attending school in Michalovce; antisemitism from Hlinka guard members beginning in the late 1930s; membership in Hashomer Hatzair; draft into the Sixth Battalion, a Jewish forced labor brigade, in 1941; being sent to Čemerné, then to Prešov for twenty months; learning two sisters had been deported and neighbors were hiding his mother; visiting home; finding his mother had been deported; helplessness and depression pervading his unit as they learned of family deportations; assignments in Kuchyňa, then Liptovský Svätý Peter; working as a surveyor's assistant; assistance from the local population; transfer to Bratislava; dissolution of the Sixth Battalion; producing false papers for himself and others (he permanently changed his name to that of a childhood friend); working with a civilian division until the Slovak uprising; liberation by Soviet troops; working as an interpreter for them in Pukanec; meeting his future wife, a non-Jew; completing university; marriage; the birth of two daughters; and difficulties obtaining employment due to his former Hashomer Hatzair membership. Mr. K. notes he is the sole survivor of his extended family of over ninety; attending Sixth Battalion reunions in Slovakia and Israel; and his belief in helping others and a better future with religious and ethnic tolerance. He shows photographs.

Author/Creator
K., Bernard, 1919-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
Interview Date
February 10 and February 11, 1995.
Language
Slovak
Copies
3 copies: VHS submaster; Betacam SP dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Bernard K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3658). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4291984
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:39:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4291984