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Matilda H. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3660) interviewed by Martin Bútora and Zora Bútorová,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3660

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    Videotape testimony of Matilda H., who was born in Prešov, Czechoslovakia in 1924, one of eight children. She recalls participating in Hashomer Hatzair and a communist youth group; deportation in March 1942 to Poprad, then Auschwitz; slave labor; transfer to Birkenau; various assignments, including the Canada Kommando; joining a resistance group; contracting typhus; organized distribution of "stolen" food and medicine by the resistance; her eldest sister's arrival, then selection for gassing; the death march to Ravensbrück; assisting her friend; posing as non-Jewish political prisoners; evacuation from Ravensbrück; assistance from POWs; liberation by Soviet troops in May 1945; Soviets raping her friend; returning to Prešov via Neubrandenburg and Prague; reunion with a sister and brother, her only surviving relatives; difficult relations with her sister and others who were not in camps; marriage; persecution due to her brother's arrest in 1951; the births of her daughters; and her brother's release in 1954. Mrs. H. discusses the importance of the resistance organization and friends to her survival; intergroup relations in the camps; raising their morale by singing; and rejecting Judaism because she thinks of her Jewish identity as an externally defined stigma. She shows photographs.
    H., Matilda, 1924-
    Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
    Interview Date
    February 11, 1995.
    Prešov (Slovakia)
    Poprad (Slovakia)
    Prague (Czech Republic)
    Neubrandenburg (Germany)
    Cite As
    Matilda H. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3660). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Bútora, Martin, interviewer.
    Bútorová, Zora, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Slovak.

    Physical Details

    3 copies: Betacam SP dub; 1/2 in. VHS dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (3 hr.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Canada Kommando.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Concentration camps Underground movements.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:26:00
    This page:

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