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Jolana M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3692) interviewed by Peter Salner and Eva Salnerová

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3692

Videotape testimony of Jolana M., who was born in Podwilk, Poland, one of six children. She recalls graduating from Gymnasium in Zakopane in 1932; not attending medical school due to a Jewish quota; attending nursing school in Warsaw; working at a Jewish hospital; joining Hashomer Hatzair; German invasion; fleeing to Soviet-occupied Białystok; returning to Warsaw; posing as a Catholic to travel home, then to Bratislava; working in the Jewish hospital; deportation of the hospital staff to Žilina; selection to work in an old-age home in Nové Mesto nad Váhom; her parents' arrival at the home; her mother's death in 1944; escaping, at her father's urging (he refused to join her and she never saw him again); traveling to Bratislava using false papers; working as a domestic, then for a tailor; liberation by Soviet troops; and providing medical assistance to Jewish refugees in Petržalka. Mrs. M. recalls learning that the tailor knew she was Jewish; details of her siblings deaths during the Holocaust; and not externalizing her emotions due to her war experiences.

Author/Creator
M., Jolana, ca. 1913-
Published
Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
Interview Date
August 30, 1995.
Language
Slovak
Copies
3 copies: Betacam SP dub; 1/2 VHS in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Jolana M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3692). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4292139
Record last modified: 2014-11-10 15:55:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4292139