Jolana M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3692) interviewed by Peter Salner and Eva Salnerová
- Bratislava, Slovakia : Milan Šimečka Foundation, 1995
- Interview Date
- August 30, 1995.
- 3 copies: Betacam SP dub; 1/2 VHS in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Jolana M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3692). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Jolana M., who was born in Podwilk, Poland, one of six children. She recalls graduating from Gymnasium in Zakopane in 1932; not attending medical school due to a Jewish quota; attending nursing school in Warsaw; working at a Jewish hospital; joining Hashomer Hatzair; German invasion; fleeing to Soviet-occupied Białystok; returning to Warsaw; posing as a Catholic to travel home, then to Bratislava; working in the Jewish hospital; deportation of the hospital staff to Žilina; selection to work in an old-age home in Nové Mesto nad Váhom; her parents' arrival at the home; her mother's death in 1944; escaping, at her father's urging (he refused to join her and she never saw him again); traveling to Bratislava using false papers; working as a domestic, then for a tailor; liberation by Soviet troops; and providing medical assistance to Jewish refugees in Petržalka. Mrs. M. recalls learning that the tailor knew she was Jewish; details of her siblings deaths during the Holocaust; and not externalizing her emotions due to her war experiences.