Leon M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-273) interviewed by Dennis Ducorsky
- Lawrence, N.Y. : Second Generation of Long Island, 1982
- Interview Date
- October 25, 1982.
- 4 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Leon M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-273). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Leon M., who was born in Zaleschiki, Poland (presently Ukraine) in approximately 1933. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews, despite some "name-calling"; Soviet occupation in 1939; his father's draft into the Soviet military (they never saw him again); German invasion; hiding with his younger brother whenever German or Ukrainian police appeared; hiding during a mass killing which included his grandmother; moving to his other grandmother's in Tolstoye (Tovste); obtaining food from farmers in Lezhanovka, his mother's birthplace; his mother bribing someone to replace her brother in a work camp; the replacement escaping; leaving for Buchach because officials were looking for her; hiding in a cellar during a round-up; discovery; escaping with his mother and brother from the train (he was shot and paralyzed for a year); living with his grandmother in Tolstoye; hiding in a bunker during round-ups; a mass killing in 1943 which included his grandmother; entering a labor camp; hiding his brother all the time; their escape in early 1944; retreating Germans protecting them; and liberation by Soviet troops. Mr. M. discusses the loss of almost all his extended family; not understanding why more Jews did not attempt escapes; sharing his experiences with his children; and his lost childhood.