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Leon M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-273) interviewed by Dennis Ducorsky

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-273

Videotape testimony of Leon M., who was born in Zaleschiki, Poland (presently Ukraine) in approximately 1933. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews, despite some "name-calling"; Soviet occupation in 1939; his father's draft into the Soviet military (they never saw him again); German invasion; hiding with his younger brother whenever German or Ukrainian police appeared; hiding during a mass killing which included his grandmother; moving to his other grandmother's in Tolstoye (Tovste); obtaining food from farmers in Lezhanovka, his mother's birthplace; his mother bribing someone to replace her brother in a work camp; the replacement escaping; leaving for Buchach because officials were looking for her; hiding in a cellar during a round-up; discovery; escaping with his mother and brother from the train (he was shot and paralyzed for a year); living with his grandmother in Tolstoye; hiding in a bunker during round-ups; a mass killing in 1943 which included his grandmother; entering a labor camp; hiding his brother all the time; their escape in early 1944; retreating Germans protecting them; and liberation by Soviet troops. Mr. M. discusses the loss of almost all his extended family; not understanding why more Jews did not attempt escapes; sharing his experiences with his children; and his lost childhood.

Author/Creator
M., Leon, 1933?-
Published
Lawrence, N.Y. : Second Generation of Long Island, 1982
Interview Date
October 25, 1982.
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leon M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-273). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4293373
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:39:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4293373