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Annelies H. Holocaust testimony (HVT-276) interviewed by Doris Simon

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-276

Videotape testimony of Annelies H., a twin, who was born in Königsberg, Germany (presently Kaliningrad, Russia) in 1922. She recalls a happy childhood; her family's affluence; antisemitic violence; her father doing humiliating forced labor; joining relatives in Rīga in an attempt to emigrate; returning home at the urging of their relatives; her father's suicide; her mother sending her younger brother to Rīga after Kristallnacht (they never saw him again); forced factory labor with her mother; her mother sending her and her twin sister to Berlin in 1941; forced labor in a munitions factory; a last phone call from her mother (she was deported); her sister's employer arranging to hide them with a prostitute; having to leave when her husband, a Nazi, was due home; obtaining papers as non-Jews; living in railroad stations and other temporary locations; threatened exposure by a Jew who was exposing others in hiding; moving to Breslau (presently Wrocław); working for area farmers; assistance from a German soldier who knew they were Jews; returning to Berlin; hiding with her sister's fiancé and family in a basement during Soviet bombings; liberation by Soviet troops; working for the Soviets seeking Nazis; satisfaction when seeing a Nazi kicked; and emigration to join relatives in the United States. Ms. H. reflects on her continuing hostility to Germans and Germany; pride in being Jewish despite losing her religious beliefs during the war; attributing her courage to the inspiration of her parents' love; and believing non-survivors cannot truly understand her. She dedicates her testimony to her husband, son, sister, and brother-in-law.

Author/Creator
H., Annelies, 1922-
Published
Lawrence, N.Y. : Second Generation of Long Island, 1982
Interview Date
November 17, 1982.
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Annelies H. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-276). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4293380
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:39:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4293380