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Isidor R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-345) interviewed by Judy Levendula

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-345

Videotape testimony of Isidor R., who was born in 1920 in Bilky, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine), the oldest of nine children. He recounts his family's orthodoxy; attending Hebrew school from the age of four; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish restrictions; draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion in 1941; transfer to Košice; slave labor building a railroad; transfer to Budapest; contact with the Jewish community; occasional visits home; volunteering for privileged work as a sign-painter; German invasion in 1944; learning his family had been deported to the Berehove ghetto; visiting them on leave; transfer to the Budapest ghetto; hiding during Arrow Cross round-ups; Allied bombardments; liberation by Soviet troops; working as a translator for the Soviet army; reunion with two sisters in Prague (the only survivors of his family); antisemitic harassment in Bratislava; organizing a Deror-ha-Bonim group; working for UNRRA; traveling illegally with the group to Vienna; and emigration to the United States. Mr. R. discusses maintaining his faith; holding a Torah recovered from his town during a visit to Israel; and writing poetry about the Holocaust and his thesis about Bilky. He shows photographs, his thesis, and reads from a letter his mother had sent him prior to her deportation.

Author/Creator
R., Isidor, 1920-
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
August 6, 1984.
Locale
Hungary
Ukraine
Berehove
Budapest
Czechoslovakia
Bilky (Zakarpatsʹka oblastʹ, Ukraine)
Košice (Slovakia)
Budapest (Hungary)
Berehove (Ukraine)
Bratislava (Slovakia)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Vienna (Austria)
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Isidor R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-345). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.