Karola D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-351) interviewed by Leatrice Rabinsky
- Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
- Interview Date
- July 31, 1984.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Karola D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-351). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Karola D., who was born in Łódź in approximately 1920, the tenth of eleven children. She recounts her family's orthodoxy and poverty; her parents' early deaths; the siblings remaining together until they married; attending public school; participating in Agudat Israel; German invasion; some siblings fleeing east; ghettoization; working in a factory; hiding during round-ups; attending a wedding; her sister-in-law giving birth (the child died); the deaths of some siblings; hiding during the ghetto's liquidation; being found; transport with her family to Auschwitz/Birkenau; remaining with her sister and sister-in-law; their transfer to Bergen-Belsen, then Magdeburg; slave labor in a munitions factory; a public hanging; being x-rayed twice, once as her sister (her sister had a spot on her lung), thus saving her from selection; a death march; French POWs giving them food; liberation; returning to Łódź; reunion with a sister who had been in the Soviet Union; leaving Poland with assistance from Beriḥah; marriage in Reichenbach (presently Dzierżoniów, Poland); living in Vienna, then in Salzburg displaced persons camp; moving to Rome; her son's birth; and emigration to the United States in 1951. Ms. D. discusses feelings of utter humiliation in the camps; the importance of faith to her survival (she remains orthodox); the murder of most of her and her husband's families; and continuing nightmares.