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Isidor M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-372) interviewed by Peggy Nathan

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-372

Videotape testimony of Isidor M., who was born in approximately 1916, the oldest of four children. He recounts living in Przytyk, Poland; his family's orthodoxy; working as a shoemaker in the family business; anti-Jewish violence in March 1936; German invasion in 1939; forced labor; forced relocation with his family to Radom; ghettoization; smuggling himself to a village; transfer to a city; escaping to the village with a friend; hiding with three cousins for three months; a Pole helping him return to Radom; joining his family; his father's death; slave labor in a nearby camp, then in Blizyn; being forced to dig a grave and witness an execution; transfer a year later to a camp near Kraków, then to Mauthausen and Melk; slave labor; transfer to Ebensee; liberation by United States troops; assistance from the Red Cross; transfer to a sanatorium in Italy; traveling to Bari; learning his mother and sister were in Czechoslovakia; traveling to Rome, then Prague; learning his mother had left for Germany; traveling by train to join her; arrest by Soviets as a "collaborator"; imprisonment for four weeks with German POWs; escaping; joining a group organized for illegal immigration to Palestine; traveling with them to Budapest, then Salzburg; traveling by himself to join his mother and siblings in Feldafing displaced persons camp; marriage to a survivor in 1947; his daughter's birth; and emigration from Hamburg to the United States in 1949 with assistance from the Joint. Mr. M. discusses details of camp life; recently meeting a friend from the camps; and nightmares resulting from his experiences.

M., Isidor, 1916?-
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
October 29, 1984.
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Isidor M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-372). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.