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Tibor M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-376) interviewed by Sally Weinberg

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-376

Videotape testimony of Tibor M., who was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1918, the youngest of three sons. He recounts his mother's death in 1940; draft with his brothers into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; three months in Sátoraljaújhely; returning home; recall in 1942; reporting to Nagykáta; slave labor on the Russian front including Kiev and Seredyna-Buda; frequent beatings; learning one brother had been killed; Soviet partisans freeing them; separation from the partisans and re-capture; retreating with Axis troops; bombings by Soviets; improved treatment under the Wehrmacht in 1943; constructing Axis defenses in Warsaw and Góra Kalwaria beginning in May 1944; transfer to Flossenbürg in December 1944; a public hanging; transfer to a factory in Niederoderwitz in January; improved conditions due to working with German civilians; transfer to Leitmeritz, then Theresienstadt in April; liberation by Soviet troops; hospitalization; traveling to Prague, Bratislava, then Budapest in June 1945; reunion with a brother, uncle and cousin; learning his father had perished; marriage to a non-Jew in December 1945; working in Vienna for UNRRA, then the Joint; his wife's conversion to Judaism; his daughter's birth; moving to Salzburg; and emigrating to the United States in 1949. Mr. M. discusses the kindness of Russian peasants; sabotaging the German effort; the importance to his survival of being with his friend, luck, and "stealing" from the Germans; a 1984 reunion in Hungary with battalion/camp friends; and not mentioning his experience for forty years, even to his children. He shows a plate from Flossenbürg and one from the hospital near Theresienstadt.

Author/Creator
M., Tibor, 1918-
Published
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
November 27, 1984.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Tibor M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-376). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4293730
Record last modified: 2015-09-08 15:49:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4293730