Tibor M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-376) interviewed by Sally Weinberg
- Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
- Interview Date
- November 27, 1984.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Tibor M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-376). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Tibor M., who was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1918, the youngest of three sons. He recounts his mother's death in 1940; draft with his brothers into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; three months in Sátoraljaújhely; returning home; recall in 1942; reporting to Nagykáta; slave labor on the Russian front including Kiev and Seredyna-Buda; frequent beatings; learning one brother had been killed; Soviet partisans freeing them; separation from the partisans and re-capture; retreating with Axis troops; bombings by Soviets; improved treatment under the Wehrmacht in 1943; constructing Axis defenses in Warsaw and Góra Kalwaria beginning in May 1944; transfer to Flossenbürg in December 1944; a public hanging; transfer to a factory in Niederoderwitz in January; improved conditions due to working with German civilians; transfer to Leitmeritz, then Theresienstadt in April; liberation by Soviet troops; hospitalization; traveling to Prague, Bratislava, then Budapest in June 1945; reunion with a brother, uncle and cousin; learning his father had perished; marriage to a non-Jew in December 1945; working in Vienna for UNRRA, then the Joint; his wife's conversion to Judaism; his daughter's birth; moving to Salzburg; and emigrating to the United States in 1949. Mr. M. discusses the kindness of Russian peasants; sabotaging the German effort; the importance to his survival of being with his friend, luck, and "stealing" from the Germans; a 1984 reunion in Hungary with battalion/camp friends; and not mentioning his experience for forty years, even to his children. He shows a plate from Flossenbürg and one from the hospital near Theresienstadt.