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Freda T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-389) interviewed by Leatrice Rabinsky,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-389

Videotape testimony of Freda T., who was born in Lask, Poland, the oldest of seven children. She describes her large, extended family; their orthodoxy; moving to Łódź; antisemitic boycotts; German invasion in September 1939; her mother and siblings returning to Lask (she remained with her father); ghettoization in 1940; her mother's return; forced factory labor; hiding during round-ups; her mother's and sister's deportation; receiving a letter from her mother; pervasive starvation and death; Ḥayim Rumkowski's speech in August 1944 when the ghetto was liquidated; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from her father; remaining with a friend; transfer to Ravensbrück, then Mühlhausen; slave labor in a munitions factory; a woman giving her extra soup; transfer to Bergen-Belsen; hospitalization; losing her will to live; liberation by British troops; hospitalization; transfer to Malmö, Sweden; kind treatment by the Swedes; marriage to a survivor in 1947 in Huskvarna; her daughter's birth; emigration to the United States; and the births of two more children. Ms. T. notes she is the sole survivor of her extended family of over ninety; the importance to her survival of faith (she remains orthodox) and kindnesses from friends and strangers; and sharing her experiences with her children.

T., Freda.
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
December 10, 1984.
Łask (Poland)
Łódź (Poland)
Malmö (Sweden)
Huskvarna (Sweden)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Freda T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-389). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.