Freda T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-389) interviewed by Leatrice Rabinsky
- Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
- Interview Date
- December 10, 1984.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Freda T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-389). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Freda T., who was born in Lask, Poland, the oldest of seven children. She describes her large, extended family; their orthodoxy; moving to Łódź; antisemitic boycotts; German invasion in September 1939; her mother and siblings returning to Lask (she remained with her father); ghettoization in 1940; her mother's return; forced factory labor; hiding during round-ups; her mother's and sister's deportation; receiving a letter from her mother; pervasive starvation and death; Ḥayim Rumkowski's speech in August 1944 when the ghetto was liquidated; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; separation from her father; remaining with a friend; transfer to Ravensbrück, then Mühlhausen; slave labor in a munitions factory; a woman giving her extra soup; transfer to Bergen-Belsen; hospitalization; losing her will to live; liberation by British troops; hospitalization; transfer to Malmö, Sweden; kind treatment by the Swedes; marriage to a survivor in 1947 in Huskvarna; her daughter's birth; emigration to the United States; and the births of two more children. Ms. T. notes she is the sole survivor of her extended family of over ninety; the importance to her survival of faith (she remains orthodox) and kindnesses from friends and strangers; and sharing her experiences with her children.