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Sandra M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-459) interviewed by Sally Weinberg

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-459

Videotape testimony of Sandra M., who was born in Romania in approximately 1924. She recalls her family's orthodoxy (her father was a rabbi); living in Baraolt; cordial relations with non-Jews; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish restrictions; her father's draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion in 1942 (she never saw him again); hiding family possessions; a round-up in May 1944 to a school; transfer three days later to the Oradea ghetto; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau three weeks later; separation from her mother, brother and sisters; briefly seeing her brother; a child's birth in her barracks; transfer to a factory in Czechoslovakia in September 1944; improved conditions; sharing food with a friend; communicating with French POWs; liberation by Soviet troops in May 1945; returning home via Prague in June; assistance from the Red Cross; visiting a cousin in Sibiu; recovering her family's possessions; illegally traveling to Budapest in May 1946, then to Vienna with assistance from the Joint; moving to Bregenz; marriage in July; traveling to Chiari with Beriḥah; moving to Rome, then Ostia; her daughter's birth in February 1949; emigration to the United States in November to join her husband's relatives; and her husband's rabbinical career. Ms. M. notes she is the sole family survivor and attributes her survival to faith in God.

M., Sandra, 1924?-
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
September 4, 1984.
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Sandra M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-459). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.