Leo R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-467) interviewed by Abraham Kay
- Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
- Interview Date
- December 12, 1984.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Leo R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-467). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Leo R., who was born in Różan, Russia (currently Poland) in 1913, one of nine children. He recalls attending cheder and public school; participating in Po'alei Zion; anti-Jewish violence; working in Myślenice; German invasion; joining his family in Ostrów Mazowiecki; fleeing with his father and brothers to Soviet-occupied Zambrów; moving with his parents and several siblings to Slonim; German invasion in 1941; hiding during a mass killing; traveling with a brother, two sisters, and their families to Zambrów via Białystok; staying with a brother in Tarnów to avoid forced labor; ghettoization of Zambrów; escaping to a forest; hiding with Polish farmers; entering the Zambrów ghetto; forced labor as a carpenter; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; slave labor in Buna/Monowitz; briefly remaining with one brother; many deaths caused by beatings; transfer to Auschwitz; privileged work as a carpenter; frequent selections; a death march, then train transport to Mauthausen in January 1945; transfer to Ebensee; hospitalization; liberation by United States troops; reunion with two brothers; illegally traveling to Milan to emigrate to Palestine; British interdiction of the ship; a twenty-one month internment on Cyprus; marriage in Israel in 1952; and emigration to the United States in 1956. Mr. R. notes the deaths of his five sisters in the Holocaust; recurring nightmares; and sharing his experiences with his children.