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Leo R. Holocaust testimony (HVT-467) interviewed by Abraham Kay

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-467

Videotape testimony of Leo R., who was born in Różan, Russia (currently Poland) in 1913, one of nine children. He recalls attending cheder and public school; participating in Po'alei Zion; anti-Jewish violence; working in Myślenice; German invasion; joining his family in Ostrów Mazowiecki; fleeing with his father and brothers to Soviet-occupied Zambrów; moving with his parents and several siblings to Slonim; German invasion in 1941; hiding during a mass killing; traveling with a brother, two sisters, and their families to Zambrów via Białystok; staying with a brother in Tarnów to avoid forced labor; ghettoization of Zambrów; escaping to a forest; hiding with Polish farmers; entering the Zambrów ghetto; forced labor as a carpenter; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau; slave labor in Buna/Monowitz; briefly remaining with one brother; many deaths caused by beatings; transfer to Auschwitz; privileged work as a carpenter; frequent selections; a death march, then train transport to Mauthausen in January 1945; transfer to Ebensee; hospitalization; liberation by United States troops; reunion with two brothers; illegally traveling to Milan to emigrate to Palestine; British interdiction of the ship; a twenty-one month internment on Cyprus; marriage in Israel in 1952; and emigration to the United States in 1956. Mr. R. notes the deaths of his five sisters in the Holocaust; recurring nightmares; and sharing his experiences with his children.

R., Leo, 1913-
Cleveland, Ohio : National Council of Jewish Women, Holocaust Archive Project, 1984
Interview Date
December 12, 1984.
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leo R. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-467). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:39:00
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