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Joseph N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-607)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-607

Videotape testimony of Joseph N., who was born in Mukacheve, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (presently Ukraine) to a large, religious family. He recalls Mukacheve becoming part of Czechoslovakia after World War I; cordial relations with non-Jews; military draft in September 1938; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish laws; conscription into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; serving in Szentkirályszabadja and Budapest; hiding briefly; rejoining his battalion in Budakeszi; transport to Buchenwald, then to Offenburg five days later; slave labor building railroads; transfer to Dresden; Allied bombings; a death march to Dachau; a German woman throwing them bread; stealing food and sharing it with a friend; liberation by United States troops; transfer to Plzeň; traveling to Prague, then Mukacheve; learning that a younger brother had perished in the Soviet Union; joining another brother in Teplice; and emigrating to Israel in 1949, then to the United States in 1964. Mr. N. discusses the importance of luck to his survival; sleep difficulties due to pervasive painful memories; sharing his story with his son; and his belief that proper revenge was not taken on the Germans.

N., Joseph.
Greenwich, Conn. : Second Generation of Westchester, 1983
Interview Date
November 20, 1983.
Mukacheve (Ukraine)
Budakeszi (Hungary)
Szentkirályszabadja (Hungary)
Budapest (Hungary)
Dresden (Germany)
Plzeň (Czech Republic)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Teplice (Czech Republic)
4 copies: 1/2 in. VHS master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Joseph N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-607). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.