Jack Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1044) interviewed by Henry Kaplowitz and Bernard Weinstein
- Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1987
- Interview Date
- July 7, 1987.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Jack Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1044). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Jack Z., who was born in Volodymyr-Volynsʹkyĭ, Russia (Poland after World War I) in 1913. He recalls one sister's emigration; attending university in Warsaw; anti-Jewish violence; working in his uncle's factory; digging anti-tank ditches during German invasion; fleeing to his hometown; Soviet occupation; marriage; his daughter's birth; German invasion; formation of a Judenrat; mass killings of Jews; escaping from the ghetto in 1942; a non-Jew hiding and feeding him; returning to the ghetto; learning his wife, daughter, father, and sister had been killed; immediately leaving again; assistance from Ukrainians and Poles; returning to the ghetto in April 1943; escaping during the final liquidation in December; hiding in a barn; liberation by Soviets in July 1944; returning home; marriage to a woman who had been hidden; learning of Auschwitz; traveling to Łódź, Stettin, then Berlin; briefly living in Landsberg displaced persons camp; his daughter's birth; and emigration to the United States in 1949. Mr. Z. discusses attributing his survival to "dumb luck"; numbness at liberation; and not sharing his story with his children.