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Ilona W. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1237) interviewed by Noemi Gelb and Bernard Weinstein,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1237

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    Videotape testimony of Ilona W., who was born in Przemyśl, Poland in 1925. She recounts her family's affluence; frequent visits to relatives in Kraków; attending public school; German invasion, then occupation by the Soviets shortly thereafter; moving to Lʹviv to avoid deportation as capitalists; returning to Przemyśl after two months; German invasion; ghettoization; forced labor outside the ghetto; a German officer giving her food; her family building a bunker; hiding during round-ups; betrayal of the bunker; being loaded on a train bound for Belzec; escaping through the window; staying with Polish family friends; clandestinely entering Jewish slave labor barracks; deportation to Płaszów in January 1944; slave labor sewing uniforms; digging a mass grave; one woman killing herself with poison, fearing the grave was for them; public hangings; transfer to Auschwitz/Birkenau, to a munitions factory in Germany, and then to Theresienstadt; arrival of the Red Cross; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Austria with assistance from the Red Cross; marriage to a survivor; and emigration to the United States. Ms. W. discusses remaining with a friend throughout the camps; her hatred of the Poles; not discussing her experiences with her children until they were teenagers; and a recent visit with her husband to Kraków, Płaszów, Auschwitz/Birkenau, Przemyśl, and Belzec.
    W., Ilona, 1925-
    Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1988
    Interview Date
    February 16, 1988.
    Przemyśl (Poland)
    Kraków (Poland)
    Lʹviv (Ukraine)
    Prague (Czech Republic)
    Cite As
    Ilona W. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1237). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Weinstein, Bernard, interviewer.
    Gelb, Noemi, interviewer.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 52 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Soviet occupation.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar experiences.
    Survivor-child relations.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:33:00
    This page:

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