Ludwig C. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1531) interviewed by Anne Kaplan and Bernard Weinstein
- Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1989
- Interview Date
- June 19, 1989.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ludwig C. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1531). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ludwig C., who was born in L'viv, Poland (presently Ukraine) in 1925, one of three children. He recounts Soviet occupation in 1939; German invasion; his father's arrest and incarceration for four weeks; mass killings near their home; forced labor; his brother's escape; a large round-up in August 1942; ghettoization; brief hospitalization for typhus; witnessing Germans hanging Jewish policemen; slave labor in a factory; his brother's return; his sister's murder in a mass killing in March 1943; his parents' escape with assistance from Polish friends; transfer to Janowska; escaping with his brother and another man; finding his parents; hiding together in a Polish farmer's attic; building a bunker; staying with the farmer's mother, then in another house; assistance from his brother's friend; liberation by Soviet troops; seeking other Jews; finding his neighbors' daughter, whom he married; traveling to Munich; and emigration to the United States in 1949. Mr. C. discusses hardships and dangers of exposure while hiding; testifying against Fritz Gebauer, Kommandant of Janowska, at a trial in Germany; continuing relations with and helping the Polish family that saved them; and sharing his experiences with his children.