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Sol U. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1538) interviewed by Bernard Weinstein and Marcia Weissberg

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1538

Videotape testimony of Sol U., who was born in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, Poland in 1926, one of six children. He recounts his family's poverty; their moving to Romania in 1928, then to Borek Fałęck in 1933; attending cheder in Podgórze; antisemitic harassment; German invasion in 1939; anti-Jewish restrictions; forced factory labor; ghettoization in Kraków; working in Oskar Schindler's factory in 1942; Schindler protecting his Jewish workers when the ghetto was liquidated in March 1943; deportation of Mr. U.'s family (he never saw them again); transfer to Płaszów; public hangings; living in Schindler's factory; transfer back to Płaszów, then to Gross-Rosen in September 1944; transfer to Schindler's factory in Brünnlitz seven days later; working as a carpenter in Schindler's villa; smuggling food to fellow prisoners; Schindler's departure; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Kraków; antisemitism; traveling to Czechoslovakia with a friend, then to Germany in September 1945; living in Bamberg displaced persons camp; working for UNRRA; meeting his future wife; emigration to the United States; marriage in 1950; and the births of three children. Mr. U. discusses his profound sadness returning home after liberation; his successful business; the humane atmosphere at Schindler's factory; and visiting Płaszów, Auschwitz, Oświęcim (his father's hometown) and Nowy Sącz (his wife's hometown) with his family in 1971.

Author/Creator
U., Sol, 1926-
Published
Union, N.J. : Kean College Oral Testimonies Project, 1989
Interview Date
February 22, 1989.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Sol U. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1538). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.