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Tonia B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1584) interviewed by Devorah Mann

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1584

Videotape testimony of Tonia B., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1925. She recalls her family's Bundist activities; attending Bund and public schools; German invasion; ghettoization; food shortages; seeing her parents, brother, and sister for the last time when they were deported in 1940; a non-Jewish friend bringing food prior to the ghetto being sealed; nursing training; working in a hospital; visits from Ḥayim Rumkowski; deportation of the children in 1942; the deaths of relatives from starvation; hospitalization when she was ill; other nurses sharing their food with her; friendship with Bluma, another nurse; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in August 1944; transfer a few weeks later to Freiberg; slave labor in a factory; reunion with Bluma; revival of hope when observing the bombing of Dresden; transfer to Mauthausen on open train cars; Czechs throwing bread to them; liberation by United States troops; antisemitic remarks by Soviets; returning to Łódź; living in Landsberg displaced persons camp; Bluma's marriage; emigration to La Paz, Boliva via Paris with Bluma, her husband, and daughter; moving to Rio de Janiero to join a cousin; emigrating to the United States; and marriage in 1954. Ms. B. discusses Bluma's suicide in Israel and visiting the camps with her husband and sons in 1980. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
B. Tonia, 1925-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1990
Interview Date
October 22, 1990.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Tonia B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1584). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.