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Tonia B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1584) interviewed by Devorah Mann,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1584

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    Videotape testimony of Tonia B., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1925. She recalls her family's Bundist activities; attending Bund and public schools; German invasion; ghettoization; food shortages; seeing her parents, brother, and sister for the last time when they were deported in 1940; a non-Jewish friend bringing food prior to the ghetto being sealed; nursing training; working in a hospital; visits from Ḥayim Rumkowski; deportation of the children in 1942; the deaths of relatives from starvation; hospitalization when she was ill; other nurses sharing their food with her; friendship with Bluma, another nurse; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in August 1944; transfer a few weeks later to Freiberg; slave labor in a factory; reunion with Bluma; revival of hope when observing the bombing of Dresden; transfer to Mauthausen on open train cars; Czechs throwing bread to them; liberation by United States troops; antisemitic remarks by Soviets; returning to Łódź; living in Landsberg displaced persons camp; Bluma's marriage; emigration to La Paz, Boliva via Paris with Bluma, her husband, and daughter; moving to Rio de Janiero to join a cousin; emigrating to the United States; and marriage in 1954. Ms. B. discusses Bluma's suicide in Israel and visiting the camps with her husband and sons in 1980. She shows photographs.
    B. Tonia, 1925-
    New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1990
    Interview Date
    October 22, 1990.
    Łódź (Poland)
    Dresden (Germany)
    Paris (France)
    La Paz (Bolivia)
    Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
    Cite As
    Tonia B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1584). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Mann, Devorah, interviewer.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (4 hr., 8 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Jewish ghettos.
    Jews Poland Łódź
    Antisemitism Postwar.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Postwar experiences.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Child survivors.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:47:00
    This page:

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