Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Zsuzsanna O. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1610) interviewed by Gloria Price and Diane M. Plotkin,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1610

Videotape testimony of Zsuzsanna O., who was born in Subotica, Yugoslavia in 1934. She recounts living in Békéscsaba until 1941; moving to Budapest; spending Jewish holidays with her grandfather in Subotica; rumors of atrocities against Jews; her beloved uncle's draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion in 1941 (he was killed); German invasion in 1944; anti-Jewish restrictions, including the yellow star; ghettoization; her non-Jewish governess hiding her family's belongings and providing food; her father's deportation in October; his return several weeks later; Allied bombings; her governess taking them to a Vatican safe house; forced relocation with her brother to the ghetto; shootings of Jews in the streets; her governess obtaining false papers and hiding them in a Swedish safe house, a convent, and other places; separation from her brother; a Jew, disguised as a Nazi, bringing her to her parents at a Red Cross hospital; her brother joining them; liberation by Soviet troops; her parent's adopting her governess; marriage; escaping to Germany during the 1956 Hungarian revolt; and emigration to the United States. Ms. O. discusses often wanting her family to commit suicide together during the war; emotional problems after the war due to her fears; and sharing her experiences with her children. She shows photographs.

O., Zsuzsanna, 1934-
Dallas, Tex. : Memorial Center for Holocaust Studies, 1991
Interview Date
March 13, 1991.
Subotica (Subotica, Serbia)
Békéscsaba (Hungary)
Budapest (Hungary)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Zsuzsanna O. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1610). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:28:00
This page: