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Anita B., Hetty V., and Anna S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1795) interviewed by Toby Blum-Dobkin

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1795

Videotape testimony of Anita B., Hetty V., and Anna S.. Anita B. was born in the Hague, Netherlands in 1929. She recalls German invasion in 1940; anti-Jewish restrictions; confiscation of their home; moving to a Jewish old age home; forced relocation to Amsterdam; attending a Jewish school; round-ups; her parents' decision in 1943 that they would go into hiding; her parents' and sister's departures; being taken by Anna S., her camp counselor, to hide with a non-Jewish family in the south; kind treatment by her foster parents; and liberation by British and United States troops in September 1944. She notes her parents were caught and deported to Westerbork; their liberation; and reuniting with her sister and parents in May 1945.
Anna S., a non-Jew, was born in Santiago, Chile in 1921. She describes studying law in Amsterdam in 1939; German invasion; organizing with a group of friends to hide Jewish children beginning in 1942; stealing documents and forging false papers; placing Anita B. with a foster family; arrest and imprisonment; deportation; forced labor; sabotaging her work; transfer to Sachsenhausen in September 1944; and evacuation to Sweden in April 1945 by the Red Cross. She discusses visiting children that she had saved after the war.
Hetty V., a non-Jew, was born in Utrecht, Netherlands in 1918. She describes resistance activities immediately after German invasion; hiding Jewish children; assistance from a professor; raising funds to support their activities; donations and assistance from Catholic bishops; stealing ration cards; organizing a system to account for the children; arrest in 1943; deportation to concentration camps; liberation; recuperating in Sweden; moving to Switzerland in 1946; and returning to the Netherlands in 1953. She discusses difficulties concentrating after the war; marriage; and living in the East Indies. Anita B., Anna S., and Hetty V. discuss attending a ceremony in Jerusalem in 1988 honoring Ms. S. and Ms. V. as rescuers.

Author/Creator
B., Anita, 1929-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
Interview Date
May 26, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies:b3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Anita B., Hetty V., and Anna S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1795). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.