Emmanuel D. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2118) interviewed by Gillian Green Douek
- London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
- Interview Date
- September 23, 1992.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Emmanuel D. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2118). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Emmanuel D., who was born in Rzeszów, Poland in 1916. He recalls moving to Tarnów in 1926; attending school; beginning to work at age thirteen; his father's death in 1932; his leadership in the Bund; German invasion; escaping east; assistance from Jews in Berestechko; traveling to L'viv via Tauteny; significant earnings in the black market; returning to Tarnów in 1940 to assist his mother; deportation to Pustkow in September; slave labor building the camp; a privileged position as a tailor; occasional visits to his mother; SS assumption of the camp in 1943; harsher conditions; organizing a play in their barrack; transfer to Auschwitz/Birkenau in June 1944, then to Gleiwitz two weeks later; a death march in January 1945; escaping in a group of six (two were killed); liberation by Soviets in the forest; traveling to Częstochowa, Kraków, then Tarnów; one brother's return; marriage; his daughter's birth in 1946; participation in the Bund; emigration to London; and his son's birth in 1953. Mr. D. discusses details of camp life; the importance of friends to his survival; relations between individuals and ethnic and religious groups; and continuing friendships with camp survivors and prewar friends all over the world.