Ivona F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2205) interviewed by Jaša Almuli
- Belgrade, Serbia : Jewish Community in Belgrade, 1991
- Interview Date
- March 3, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Ivona F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2205), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Ivona F., who was born in 1923. She recalls living in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia; her close family's focus on education; rumors of events in Germany; cordial relations with non-Jews; a demonstration against the Yugoslav/German pact; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish restrictions; moving with her parents and brother to Budapest; their return without her; losing contact in January 1942; learning they had been murdered in a mass killing; briefly returning to Novi Sad; German occupation in March 1944; obtaining false papers as a non-Jew; arrest on April 28; imprisonment; transport to Kistarcsa, then a camp near Vienna; arrival at Auschwitz/Birkenau on July 5; feeling she was on a different planet; showering and tattooing (she shows her tattoo); meaningless forced labor; her friend's selection for death; hospitalization in December; remaining behind when the camp was evacuated; liberation by Soviet troops; studying pharmacy; and the birth of a daughter. Ms. F. discusses the importance of her friend to her survival; memorializing her and her family with this testimony; and the indelible mark which her experiences have left on her and her family.