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Jack K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2365) interviewed by David Herman and Elliot Perry,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2365

Videotape testimony of Jack K., who was born in Novogrudok, Poland (presently Belarus) in 1929. He recalls a close relationship with his extended family; increasing antisemitism beginning in 1935; attending a Tarbut school; belonging to Hashomer Hatzair; Soviet occupation; German invasion in June 1941; being sent to his grandparents in Korelichi; returning home; finding their house and possessions destroyed; anti-Jewish restrictions; a mass killing of about fifty men; forced labor; ghettoization including those from surrounding towns; a mass shooting of all Jews except skilled workers; living with his family in the labor camp; frequent escapes to join nearby partisans; his escape in December 1942; getting lost; returning to camp; amputation of his toes due to frostbite; his family hiding him; a mass shooting including his mother, sister, and aunt; a group building an escape tunnel; his father's transfer (he never saw him again); escape through the tunnel in fall 1943; joining the Bielski partisans in the Naliboki forest; reunion with a cousin there; living with the family group; and liberation in July 1944.

Mr. K. relates returning to Novogrudok; loneliness and depression; obtaining a pension due to his feet; trading in the black market in Minsk; hearing antisemitic speeches in spring 1945; traveling to Łódź, Poznań, then Berlin; Red Cross assistance; living in Munich and Landsberg displaced persons camps; assistance from UNRRA; preparing to emigrate to Israel; emigration to join a cousin in England; his deep sense of loneliness; emigration to Israel in 1949; returning to England after nine months; and establishing his businesses. He discusses losing his childhood and his belief in God; sharing his story with his children after he began to give talks; and many details of partisan life. He shows photographs, documents, and memorabilia.

Author/Creator
K., Jack, 1929-
Published
London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1990
Interview Date
November 13, 1990.
Locale
Belarus
Navahrudak
Poland
Navahrudak (Belarus)
Korelichi (Belarus)
Naliboki Forest (Belarus)
Minsk (Belarus)
Łódź (Poland)
Poznań (Poland)
Berlin (Germany)
Israel
England
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Jack K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2365). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4296726
Record last modified: 2018-05-30 11:45:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4296726