Jack K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2365) interviewed by David Herman and Elliot Perry
- London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1990
- Interview Date
- November 13, 1990.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Jack K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2365). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Jack K., who was born in Novogrudok, Poland (presently Belarus) in 1929. He recalls a close relationship with his extended family; increasing antisemitism beginning in 1935; attending a Tarbut school; belonging to Hashomer Hatzair; Soviet occupation; German invasion in June 1941; being sent to his grandparents in Korelichi; returning home; finding their house and possessions destroyed; anti-Jewish restrictions; a mass killing of about fifty men; forced labor; ghettoization including those from surrounding towns; a mass shooting of all Jews except skilled workers; living with his family in the labor camp; frequent escapes to join nearby partisans; his escape in December 1942; getting lost; returning to camp; amputation of his toes due to frostbite; his family hiding him; a mass shooting including his mother, sister, and aunt; a group building an escape tunnel; his father's transfer (he never saw him again); escape through the tunnel in fall 1943; joining the Bielski partisans in the Naliboki forest; reunion with a cousin there; living with the family group; and liberation in July 1944.
Mr. K. relates returning to Novogrudok; loneliness and depression; obtaining a pension due to his feet; trading in the black market in Minsk; hearing antisemitic speeches in spring 1945; traveling to Łódź, Poznań, then Berlin; Red Cross assistance; living in Munich and Landsberg displaced persons camps; assistance from UNRRA; preparing to emigrate to Israel; emigration to join a cousin in England; his deep sense of loneliness; emigration to Israel in 1949; returning to England after nine months; and establishing his businesses. He discusses losing his childhood and his belief in God; sharing his story with his children after he began to give talks; and many details of partisan life. He shows photographs, documents, and memorabilia.