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Lipa T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2369) interviewed by Elliot Perry and Mark Solloway

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2369

Videotape testimony of Lipa T. who was born in Dukla, Poland in 1926. He recalls his family's orthodoxy; antisemitic violence; attending Polish school and cheder; enjoying Shabbat and holiday observances; his parents both working; their relative affluence; his father's military draft; German invasion; forced relocation with his mother and sister to Rymanów; returning home; finding all their possessions looted by neighbors; forced quarry labor; his father's return after Germany invaded the Soviet Union; being sent to Kraków with the quarry workers (he never saw his family again); slave labor constructing buildings in Wola Duchachka; transfer to Płaszów; assistance from a Jewish doctor when he had typhus; random shootings; developing "cunning and survival skills" despite feeling he was in a "soul-destroying place"; transfer to Częstochowa, then Skarżysko in mid-1943; finding a friend in order to look after one another; transfer to Buchenwald; prisoners killing the brutal kapos from Skarżysko; transfer to Schlieben two weeks later; slave labor building barracks and in a munitions factory; a prisoner official beating him in front of a German when he was smuggling food, which saved his life, since he would have been shot; and transfer to Theresienstadt in March 1945. Mr. T. discusses inter-group relations in camps and his feelings at various times.

Author/Creator
T., Lipa, 1926-
Published
London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1990
Interview Date
December 20, 1990.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Lipa T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2369). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.