Alfred K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2388) interviewed by David Herman and Elliot Perry
- London, England : British Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
- Interview Date
- February 22, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Alfred K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2388). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Alfred K., who was born in Vienna, Austria in 1921, the youngest of three brothers. He recounts attending public school; antisemitic harassment; participating in socialist and Zionist organizations; Austrians welcoming the Germans during the Anschluss; one brother emigrating to relatives in the United States, the other, as a physician with a Kindertransport, to England; the concierge protecting him and his parents during Kristallnacht; fleeing with an aunt and uncle to Belgium; living in Antwerp; placement in Merksplas refugee camp; German invasion; fleeing to France; imprisonment as an enemy alien in Saint Cyprien; German invasion; escaping to Perpignan; living with a cousin in Limoges; moving to Paris; earning commissions bringing Germans to night clubs; obtaining false papers from a non-Jew; joining a Resistance group in Cluny; working as a courier; admitting he was a Jew to the Gestapo so they would not torture him for names of Resistants; incarceration in Drancy for two months; deportation to Auschwitz in October 1943; helping an older doctor en route; transfer to Buna/Monowitz; slave labor in the factory; public hangings; the doctor whom he had helped giving him extra soup every day, to which he attributes his survival; working with British POWs; a death march, then train transport to Dora/Nordhausen; slave labor hauling cement; a death march to Bergen-Belsen; liberation by British troops; shooting a German who harassed him; assistance from HIAS; returning to Antwerp, then Paris; recuperating in Salornay-sur-Guye; his brother, who was in the U.S. military, locating him; living with his cousin in Limoges; moving to Switzerland; joining his brothers in New York in 1947; marriage to a British woman in 1950; living in Baltimore; emigration to England in 1952; and the births of two daughters. Mr. K. discusses extreme fear and anxiety in concentration camps; thinking only of his own survival; and not sharing his experiences with his wife or children until recently.