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Eva N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2399) interviewed by Diane M. Plotkin and Zsuzsanna Ozsváth

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2399

Videotape testimony of Eva N., who was born in Berehovo, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) in 1923. She recounts her middle-class family's orthodoxy; cordial relations with non-Jews; visits to her maternal grandparents in Hegyalja; attending gymnasium with her younger brother; Hungarian occupation in 1938; anti-Jewish restrictions; marriage in June 1943; moving to her husband's home in Nyíregyháza; his draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; her daughter's birth; German invasion in 1944; ghettoization in Berehovo; her father's appointment to the Judenrat; deportation to Auschwitz; prisoners advising her to hand her daughter to her mother (she never saw them again); assistance from Slovak prisoners and a cousin; slave labor building roads; public executions; transfer to Gelsenkirchen; slave labor for Organization Todt; other prisoners sharing food; a cousin arranging for her to have privileged position in the kitchen; sharing extra food with others; an Allied bombing; local nuns and doctors treating injured prisoners; transfer to Sömmerda; a prisoner giving birth (the baby was killed); a death march; liberation by United States, then Soviet troops; transfer to a sanatorium in Karlovy Vary; traveling to Prague, then Budapest; assistance from the Jewish community and the Red Cross; living with two cousins; reunion with her father; traveling to Nyíregyháza; learning her husband had been deported by the Soviets after liberation and died; traveling to Berehovo; living in Nyíregyháza; remarriage; and her son's birth in 1953. Ms. N. notes her father's remarriage and emigration to Israel; postwar antisemitism in Hungary; and her son asking her to record her experiences.

Author/Creator
N., Eva, 1923-
Published
Dallas, Tex. : Memorial Center for Holocaust Studies, 1992
Interview Date
March 24, 1992.
Language
Hungarian
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Eva N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2399). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4296809
Record last modified: 2011-05-05 11:41:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4296809