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Eva N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2399) interviewed by Diane M. Plotkin and Zsuzsanna Ozsváth,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2399

Videotape testimony of Eva N., who was born in Berehovo, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) in 1923. She recounts her middle-class family's orthodoxy; cordial relations with non-Jews; visits to her maternal grandparents in Hegyalja; attending gymnasium with her younger brother; Hungarian occupation in 1938; anti-Jewish restrictions; marriage in June 1943; moving to her husband's home in Nyíregyháza; his draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion; her daughter's birth; German invasion in 1944; ghettoization in Berehovo; her father's appointment to the Judenrat; deportation to Auschwitz; prisoners advising her to hand her daughter to her mother (she never saw them again); assistance from Slovak prisoners and a cousin; slave labor building roads; public executions; transfer to Gelsenkirchen; slave labor for Organization Todt; other prisoners sharing food; a cousin arranging for her to have privileged position in the kitchen; sharing extra food with others; an Allied bombing; local nuns and doctors treating injured prisoners; transfer to Sömmerda; a prisoner giving birth (the baby was killed); a death march; liberation by United States, then Soviet troops; transfer to a sanatorium in Karlovy Vary; traveling to Prague, then Budapest; assistance from the Jewish community and the Red Cross; living with two cousins; reunion with her father; traveling to Nyíregyháza; learning her husband had been deported by the Soviets after liberation and died; traveling to Berehovo; living in Nyíregyháza; remarriage; and her son's birth in 1953. Ms. N. notes her father's remarriage and emigration to Israel; postwar antisemitism in Hungary; and her son asking her to record her experiences.

Author/Creator
N., Eva, 1923-
Published
Dallas, Tex. : Memorial Center for Holocaust Studies, 1992
Interview Date
March 24, 1992.
Locale
Ukraine
Berehove
Czechoslovakia
Berehove (Ukraine)
Hegyalja (Hungary)
Nyíregyháza (Hungary)
Karlovy Vary (Czech Republic)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Budapest (Hungary)
Language
Hungarian
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Eva N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2399). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4296809
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:28:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4296809