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Harry Z. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2504) interviewed by David Krakow, Sonia Simons, Nat Arkin and Rebecca Berman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2504

Videotape testimony of Harry Z., who was born in Bełżyce, Poland in 1926. He recounts the war starting his first day of school; his father doing forced labor; working as a messenger for the Judenrat; the arrival of Jews deported from Germany (one family lived with them); hiding during round-ups; capture by Ukrainian guards; escape; locating his father; hiding in a cellar with his family and several others; entering the Lublin ghetto with his parents, then Bełżyce concentration camp (his sister was hidden by non-Jews); slave labor in a shoe workshop, then demolishing buildings in Głusk; a prisoner-official preventing his execution; burying victims of a mass killing; witnessing a mass killing including his mother and sister; transfer to Budzyń; separation from his father (he never saw him again); slave labor doing road construction; punishment for escapes of fellow prisoners; working as a carpenter in the Heinkel factory; transfer in February 1944 to Mielec, Wieliczka, then Flossenbürg; encountering an uncle who treated him like a son; assistance from Noah Stockman, the head Jewish prisoner; transfer to Hersbruck; slave labor in a mine; transfer back to Flossenbürg; working in a Messerschmitt factory, then felling trees for wood to burn corpses; his friend who worked in the laundry (Jack T.) giving him a heavy coat; working on the railway in Regensburg; return to Flossenbürg; contemplating suicide; evacuation by train; Allied strafing resulting in prisoner deaths; a death march; and liberation by United States troops in Stamsreid. He shows a photograph entrusted to a non-Jewish neighbor by his mother.

Author/Creator
Z., Harry, 1926-
Published
Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1993
Interview Date
November 5 and November 19, 1993.
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Harry Z. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2504). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.