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Ruth M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2563) interviewed by Joni-Sue Blinderman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2563

Videotape testimony of Ruth M., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1927. She recalls her childhood in Tarnów; her father's medical practice; her mother traveling to Switzerland in summer 1939 while she and her brother stayed with an aunt in Český Těšín; German invasion; her father's military draft; traveling to stay with an aunt in Kraków; returning to her parents in Tarnów; confiscation of their home; forced labor repairing military uniforms; ghettoization in 1941; a former non-Jewish employee hiding her cousin; refusing to hide, not wanting to leave her family; separation from them when she was deported with a cousin to Płaszów in September 1943 (she never saw her family again); slave labor in a factory; public hangings; transfer to Skarżysko-Kamienna in December; assignment to a munitions factory; sham improvement for a Red Cross visit; transfer to Częstochowa in fall 1944; remaining with friends from Tarnów; liberation by Soviet troops; returning home; assistance from the Joint and UNRRA; moving with an aunt to Czechoslovakia; receiving travel documents in Prague from relatives in the United States; moving to Stockholm; and emigration to the United States in May 1947. Ms. M. discusses the importance of being with her friends to her survival; her marriage, career, and family; and using German reparations to send her children to Jewish day school. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
M., Ruth, 1927-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1993
Interview Date
June 14, 1993.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Ruth M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2563). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.