Joseph M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2865) interviewed by Margot Brandes and Raymond Kaplan
- Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1995
- Interview Date
- May 5, 1995.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Joseph M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2865). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Joseph M., who was born in Oradea, Romania in 1918. He recalls his father's death; attending Jewish schools; their identification as Hungarians; his successful garment manufacturing business; participating in Mizrachi; Hungarian occupation; draft into a Hungarian slave labor battalion in Baia Mare in 1942; slave labor in Yugoslavia and Ukraine; frequent beatings and killings; bombings by Soviets; feeling he would die from the work in Brest; transfer to the Mátra Mountains; escaping briefly with a friend near Hasznos; a mass killing when they rejoined a Jewish unit; a death march to Mauthausen in November 1944, then to Gunskirchen in March 1945; liberation by United States troops; returning home; learning all his family had been murdered except his older sister; living in Budapest; escaping with his wife during the 1956 uprising; and their emigration to the United States. Mr. M. describes details of life in a Hungarian slave labor battalion. He shows documents and photographs.