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Elimelech S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3246) interviewed by Nathan Beyrak and Levana Frank

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3246

Videotape testimony of Elimelech S., who was born in Żuromin, Poland in 1919. He recounts his father's death before his birth; his mother's remarriage; attending public school, cheder, then a technical school; antisemitic harassment; working in Warsaw beginning in 1938; German invasion in September 1939; returning home; deportation from Sierpc to Pomiechówek, then Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki in November; escaping; joining his family in Warsaw; retrieving money in Żuromin; selling belongings in Mława; returning to Warsaw; ghettoization; posing as a Polish smuggler to escape; smuggling food to his family from Chotomów; traveling to the Mława ghetto; learning his stepfather, older sister, and mother had died of starvation; public hangings and a mass killing; deportation to Auschwitz/Birkenau in November 1941; assignment to masonry school; obtaining matzo from friends for Passover; transfer to the greenhouses in Rajsko; brief hospitalization; a death march, then train transport in January 1945; assisting his cousin Abraham D., who had been wounded in the Sonderkommando uprising; jumping from the train; hiding with locals in Nový Bohumín; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling from Katowice to Warsaw, then with non-Jews to Mława; leaving them after learning they were in Armia Krajowa, smuggling weapons to attack Jews; assistance from the Red Cross; briefly returning to Żuromin; staying in Gdańsk, Berlin, Magdeburg, and Marburg; illegal emigration to Palestine via Paris, where he met David Ben-Gurion, then Marseille; marriage; and the births of a son and daughter. Mr. S. discusses relations between national groups in camps; attributing his survival to his impoverished youth; testifying against Thies Christophersen, an SS officer in Rajsko; pervasive painful memories; sharing his experiences with his children; and speaking to groups at Yad Vashem. He shows photographs and a sheet he used to escape.

Author/Creator
S., Elimelech, 1919-
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
May 7, 1991.
Locale
Poland
Mława
Warsaw
Żuromin (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Sierpc (Poland : Powiat)
Pomiechówek (Poland)
Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki (Poland)
Mława (Poland)
Chotomów (Poland)
Nový Bohumín (Czech republic)
Katowice (Poland)
Gdańsk (Poland)
Berlin (Germany)
Magdeburg (Germany)
Marburg (Germany)
Paris (France)
Marseille (France)
Palestine
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Elimelech S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3246). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4297288
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:32:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4297288