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Yehuda M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3316)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3316

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    Videotape testimony of Yehuda M., who was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands in 1914, the only child of an eighth generation Dutch-Jewish family. He recalls moving to Hilversum at age fourteen; attending public school; his bar mitzvah; participating in Hashomer Hatzair, then Betar; working in steel production; enlisting in the Dutch military; marriage in Rotterdam in 1940; capitulation to Germany; anti-Jewish restrictions; obtaining false papers; living as non-Jews; working with the underground to hide other Jews; his mother's death in Eindhoven; her Christian funeral; being shot when fleeing from arrest in Utrecht; hospitalization, then imprisonment; transfer to Vught in October 1943. then to Moerdijk; receiving packages from the Red Cross and mail from his wife; translating for French prisoners; transfer to ś-Hertogenbosch; forming a close group with a few other prisoners; futile escape plans by the camp underground; transfer to Westerbork, Auschwitz/Birkenau, then Monowitz; working in a privileged position as an accountant; receiving special rations; sharing the regular food with others; his group's separation from other prisoners; public hangings; brief hospitaltization; a death march to Gleiwitz; train transport to Dora; separation from his group when he was sent to Osterode; slave labor digging tunnels; transfer back to Dora; liberation by United States troops; living in a nearby villa; working for the U.S. military; assistance from UNRRA; returning home; recovering from tuberculosis; the birth of a son; encountering antisemitism in the Dutch military; his wife and son emigrating to Palestine in July 1947; his emigration in November, after military discharge; and twice testifying at Dutch war crime trials. Mr. M. discusses how worthless life became in the camps; his strong will to live; treatment for psychological issues and nightmares resulting from his experiences; not sharing his story with his children; and attributing his survival to luck. He shows his wife's letter to him when he was in camp.
    M., Yehuda, 1914-
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991-1992
    Interview Date
    November 22, November 24, 1991 and January 3, January 16, February 20, and February 28, 1992.
    Amsterdam (Netherlands)
    Hilversum (Netherlands)
    Rotterdam (Netherlands)
    Eindhoven (Netherlands)
    Utrecht (Netherlands)
    Cite As
    Yehuda M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3316). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    6 videorecordings (16 hr., 21 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Aid by non-Jews.
    False papers.
    Concentration camps Underground movements.
    Mutual aid.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Postwar experiences.
    Antisemitism Postwar.
    Postwar effects.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Husband and wife. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Netherlands. World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, German. Forced labor. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Death marches. Nightmares. Netherlands. Amsterdam (Netherlands) Hilversum (Netherlands) Rotterdam (Netherlands) Eindhoven (Netherlands) Utrecht (Netherlands) Oral histories (document genres) M., Yehuda,--1914- World Hashomer Hatzair. Betar. Vught (Concentration camp) International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Westerbork (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Monowitz (Concentration camp) Dora (Concentration camp) United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:29:00
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