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Israel G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3325) interviewed by Yoram Amit and Dalia Ofer,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3325

Videotape testimony of Israel G., a prominent Holocaust scholar, who was born in 1923 in Warsaw, Poland. He recounts his family moving frequently; their economic instability; his older sister's illness; participating in Hashomer Hatzair; German invasion; his father's death; ghettoization; meetings of Hashomer Hatzair; supporting his family by doing forced labor in place of others; his older sister's and mother's deaths; placing his younger sister in the Korczak orphanage; delivering underground newspapers; acting as a counselor to Hashomer Hatzair children's groups which provided social services and protection; joining the antifascist bloc in March 1942; visiting his sister weekly; round-ups and deportations; forced factory labor; deportation of his sister's orphanage; contacts with Mordecai Anielewicz, Mordechai Growas, Arye Wilner, Margalit Landau, Yitzhak Zuckerman, Shmuel Brelsav, and others; planning to fight the Germans, knowing it was suicide and in opposition to the Judenrat; assignment to a bunker at Franciszkanska 30; killing a German soldier; capture when the bunker was gassed in May 1943; shooting of every fifth or sixth person; deportation to Majdanek; hospitalization; a prisoner-doctor hiding him during selections; transfer to Auschwitz in July; assignment to Buna/Monowitz; hospitalization; return to Auschwitz I; slave labor in the Union Kommando; participating in the underground led by Bruno Baum; being assigned to smuggle explosives; transfer to Mauthausen; Czechs throwing them food; cannibalism; and a death march to Gunskirchen.
Mr. G. recalls liberation on May 5, 1945; walking to Wels; hospitalization in Linz; traveling with the Jewish Brigade to Modena and living in a kibbutz in Santa Maria di Leuca; working with Hashomer Hatzair in Rome; arrest when attempting illegal entry into Austria; brief imprisonment in France; working in Austria and Milan; a two-week trip to Poland, including Łódź; illegal immigration to Palestine in 1947; and living on a kibbutz for twenty-five years. Mr. G. discusses resistance as suicide, not heroic; the organization of the undergrounds in Warsaw and Auschwitz; prisoner solidarity in concentration camps; and being the sole survivor of his family and youth group.

Author/Creator
G., Israel, 1923-2013.
Published
Ramat Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
November 21, 1991.
Locale
Poland
Warsaw
Warsaw (Poland)
Wels (Austria)
Linz (Austria)
Modena (Italy)
Santa Maria di Leuca, Cape (Italy)
Rome (Italy)
Milan (Italy)
Austria
Łódź (Poland)
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Israel G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3325). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
 
View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4297421
Record last modified: 2018-05-29 11:58:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4297421