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Alfred N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3337)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3337

Videotape testimony of Afred N., who was born in Thessalonikē, Greece in 1919, the third of ten children. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews until the mid-1930s; celebrating Jewish holidays; military service; hospitalization for frostbite; returning home; military recall when Germany invaded; returning home from defeat; anti-Jewish restrictions; continuing contact with non-Jewish friends; joining his family in the Baron de Hirsch quarter; deportation to Birkenau; separation from the women and children; remaining with his brother's brothers-in-law; having to move corpses; a French speaker helping them understand what was happening; meaningless slave labor; severe beatings; bringing food to his sister-in-law; evening meetings with his father (he was shot after a few months); public hangings; transfer to Warsaw after seven months; clearing rubble from the ghetto; encountering Jews hiding in bunkers; trading currency he found for food; sharing with fellow prisoners; a death march to Kutno; train transport to Dachau, then Mühldorf; working with Hungarian Jews; clearing Allied bombing rubble in Munich; transfer to Muehlhofen, then back to Mühldorf; train evacuation; a mass shooting of 800 at one stop; liberation by United States troops; liberated prisoners killing German soldiers; traveling to Munich; living in Santa Cesarea and Bari, waiting to emigrate to Palestine; incarceration on Cyprus; and arrival in Israel in 1948.

Mr. N. discusses the loss of his entire family; details of camp life; solidarity among the Greeks; assistance from a non-Jewish prisoner; believing he would not survive; and his physical and psychological scars.

N., Alfred, 1919-
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
March 24, 1992.
Thessalonikē (Greece)
Kutno (Poland)
Santa Cesarea Terme (Italy)
Bari (Italy)
Munich (Germany)
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Alfred N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3337). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.