Alfred N. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3337)
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
- Interview Date
- March 24, 1992.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Alfred N. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3337). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Afred N., who was born in Thessalonikē, Greece in 1919, the third of ten children. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews until the mid-1930s; celebrating Jewish holidays; military service; hospitalization for frostbite; returning home; military recall when Germany invaded; returning home from defeat; anti-Jewish restrictions; continuing contact with non-Jewish friends; joining his family in the Baron de Hirsch quarter; deportation to Birkenau; separation from the women and children; remaining with his brother's brothers-in-law; having to move corpses; a French speaker helping them understand what was happening; meaningless slave labor; severe beatings; bringing food to his sister-in-law; evening meetings with his father (he was shot after a few months); public hangings; transfer to Warsaw after seven months; clearing rubble from the ghetto; encountering Jews hiding in bunkers; trading currency he found for food; sharing with fellow prisoners; a death march to Kutno; train transport to Dachau, then Mühldorf; working with Hungarian Jews; clearing Allied bombing rubble in Munich; transfer to Muehlhofen, then back to Mühldorf; train evacuation; a mass shooting of 800 at one stop; liberation by United States troops; liberated prisoners killing German soldiers; traveling to Munich; living in Santa Cesarea and Bari, waiting to emigrate to Palestine; incarceration on Cyprus; and arrival in Israel in 1948.
Mr. N. discusses the loss of his entire family; details of camp life; solidarity among the Greeks; assistance from a non-Jewish prisoner; believing he would not survive; and his physical and psychological scars.