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Mor L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3387)

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3387

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Mor L., who was born in Davyd-Haradok, Russia (presently Belarus) in 1917, one of seven children. He recounts attending cheder, then a Hebrew school; participating in Hashomer Haleumi; living with a sister in Vilnius to attend a Polish gymnasium beginning in 1931; two sisters emigrating to Palestine; beginning university studies in chemistry; antisemitic harassment; a humiliating beating by Endecja members; Soviet occupation in 1939; completing university; a futile attempt to obtain emigration papers in Kaunus; returning to Vilnius; German invasion in June 1941; forced railroad labor; disbelief that Jews were being shot at Paneriai; ghettoization; slowly realizing that mass killings were occurring at Paneriai; joining a Jewish resistance (FPO) cell under Chaim Lazar; working for the Judenrat under Josef Glazer, an FPO leader; rejecting an offer from a non-Jewish friend to be hidden; obtaining weapons; escaping with Alexander B. and Nisan R. to join partisans in the forest in fall 1943; serving in Fëdor Markov's unit; battles with Germans; receiving weapons from the Soviets; and difficulties with antisemitic partisans.

    Mr. L. recalls liberation by Soviet troops in June 1944; working in Vilnius and Vileĭka; returning to Davyd-Haradok seeking his family; learning four siblings, his parents, aunts, uncles and cousins had been murdered in a mass killing; recovering letters addressed to his family from the post office from which he learned relatives' addresses; his sense of being completely alone; returning to Vilnius; preparing to emigrate with other FPO members; reunion with an uncle in Lʹviv; communicating with his sisters in Palestine; traveling to Łódź; helping organize illegal emigration to Palestine, including children he had located in monasteries; moving with a group in December 1945 to Leipheim displaced persons camp; emigration to Palestine in July 1946; reunion with his sisters; marriage; serving in the Israel-Arab War; and the births of two daughters. He discusses nightmares resulting from his experiences; native Israeli inability to understand survivors; artificial divisions between camps survivors and partisans; limits of language to describe Holocaust experiences; his belief most Jews survived due to dumb luck; suspecting he has forgotten his worst experiences because one cannot live with such memories; and visiting Vilnius and other areas in the late 1980s with former partisans, his wife, and older daughter.
    Author/Creator
    L., Mor, 1917-
    Published
    Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
    Interview Date
    August 14, 1992.
    Locale
    Lithuania
    Vilnius
    Belarus
    Israel
    Russia
    Davyd-Haradok (Belarus)
    Vilnius (Lithuania)
    Kaunas (Lithuania)
    Vileĭka (Minskai︠a︡ voblastsʹ, Belarus)
    Lʹviv (Ukraine)
    Łódź (Poland)
    Palestine
    Cite As
    Mor L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3387). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Associated material: Nisan R. Holocaust testimony [friend} (HVT-3193), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Associated material: Alexander B. Holocaust testimony [friend} (HVT-3374), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    Various videorecordings (15 hr., 17 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Soviet occupation.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Forests.
    Partisans.
    Postwar experiences.
    Postwar effects.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Forced labor. Jewish ghettos. Jews--Lithuania--Vilnius. World War, 1939-1945--Jewish resistance. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Belarus. Jewish councils. Refugee camps. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Public opinion. Public opinion--Israel. Israel-Arab War, 1948-1949. Nightmares. Russia. Davyd-Haradok (Belarus) Vilnius (Lithuania) Kaunas (Lithuania) Vileĭka (Minskai︠a︡ voblastsʹ, Belarus) Lʹviv (Ukraine) Łódź (Poland) Palestine--Emigration and immigration. Oral histories (document genres) L., Mor,--1917- Lazar Litai, Chaim,--1914-1997. Bogen, Alexander. Glazman, Josef,--approximately 1908-1943. Markov, Fëdor Grigorʹevich,--1913-1958. Narodowa Demokracja (Political party : Poland) Fareyniḳṭe parṭizaner organizatsye (Vilnius, Lithuania) Leipheim (Displaced persons camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4297492
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:29:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4297492

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