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Tova G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3388)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3388

Videotape testimony of Tova G., who was born in Vilna, Poland (presently Vilnius, Lithuania), the youngest of five children. She recounts her family's orthodoxy; one brother's emigration to Jerusalem; Soviet occupation; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; their non-Jewish maid bringing them food; round-up of her brother and father (she later learned they were killed at Ponary); ghettoization; working for the Judenrat police; saving others from round-ups by adding their names to work permits; escaping with her brother to her aunt's village, then to Svir; returning to Vilna ghetto; teaching at a Judenrat school; organizing theater and concerts despite constant fear; escaping with her brother and sister into the sewers; her brother going above ground and not returning: bribing a Lithuanian policeman who caught them; returning to the ghetto; escaping in September 1943; paying a non-Jew to hide her, her sister and four others; keeping a diary; moving to their rescuer's brother's home when exposure seemed imminent; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Vilnius; traveling to Łódź; working as a Hebrew teacher; traveling to Prague; joining her sister in Munich; marriage; being paid with Red Cross packages; assistance from UNRRA; she and her sister visiting an aunt in England; working in order to join her husband in Paris; working for Youth Aliyah; moving to Marseille; assisting children who had been on the ship Exodus; emigration to Palestine in 1947; reunion with her brother; the births of two sons, and her brother's death in 1952.

Author/Creator
G., Tova.
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
August 21, 1992 and August 24, 1992.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Tova G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3388). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.