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Tova G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3388)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-3388

Videotape testimony of Tova G., who was born in Vilna, Poland (presently Vilnius, Lithuania), the youngest of five children. She recounts her family's orthodoxy; one brother's emigration to Jerusalem; Soviet occupation; German invasion; anti-Jewish restrictions; their non-Jewish maid bringing them food; round-up of her brother and father (she later learned they were killed at Ponary); ghettoization; working for the Judenrat police; saving others from round-ups by adding their names to work permits; escaping with her brother to her aunt's village, then to Svir; returning to Vilna ghetto; teaching at a Judenrat school; organizing theater and concerts despite constant fear; escaping with her brother and sister into the sewers; her brother going above ground and not returning: bribing a Lithuanian policeman who caught them; returning to the ghetto; escaping in September 1943; paying a non-Jew to hide her, her sister and four others; keeping a diary; moving to their rescuer's brother's home when exposure seemed imminent; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Vilnius; traveling to Łódź; working as a Hebrew teacher; traveling to Prague; joining her sister in Munich; marriage; being paid with Red Cross packages; assistance from UNRRA; she and her sister visiting an aunt in England; working in order to join her husband in Paris; working for Youth Aliyah; moving to Marseille; assisting children who had been on the ship Exodus; emigration to Palestine in 1947; reunion with her brother; the births of two sons, and her brother's death in 1952.

Author/Creator
G., Tova.
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1992
Interview Date
August 21, 1992 and August 24, 1992.
Locale
Lithuania
Vilnius
Poland
Vilnius (Lithuania)
Svir (Belarus)
Łódź (Poland)
Prague (Czech Republic)
Munich (Germany)
London (England)
Paris (France)
Marseille (France)
Palestine
Language
Hebrew
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Tova G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3388). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.