Nicholas F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-3483) interviewed by Raymond Kaplan
- Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1996
- Interview Date
- July 12, 1996.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Nicholas F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-3483). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Nicholas F., who was born in Mukacheve, Czechoslovakia (presently Ukraine) in 1924, the oldest of three children. He recounts attending Czech school, then a Hebrew gymnasium; Hungarian occupation in 1938; anti-Jewish laws resulting in confiscation of his father's business; German invasion in March 1944; ghettoization: round-up to a brick factory; deportation with his family to Auschwitz; remaining with his father when separated from his mother and siblings (they were killed); transfer with his father to Janina; slave labor in a coal mine; brief hospitalization; assistance from the prisoner-doctor then and later again; his father convincing him not to commit suicide; trading his gold filling for extra food; a Polish civilian worker giving him a slice of bread once; hospitalization again in January 1945; deciding to remain when the camp was evacuated due to his poor health; his father remaining with him; liberation by Soviet troops days later; traveling with his father to Kraków, then home; hospitalization in Mukacheve, then Berehove; completing chemical engineering studies in Prague; contacting relatives in the United States; and emigration to join them in 1949. Mr. F. discusses his luck in surviving; his engineering career; marriage; the births of two children; and visiting Czechoslovakia with his family in 1988. He shows photographs.